When to Use a Works Cited or Works Consulted page.


The purpose in a Works Cited or Works Consulted page is to give credit to the author for their information, ideas or words. 

It is acknowledging your debt to those writers and researchers who came before you. Referring to previous research or information, is part of the building of human knowledge. To borrow a phrase," it is standing on the shoulders of giants" .

    "If I have seen further (than you and Descartes) it is by standing upon the shoulders of Giants."
        Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) in a letter to Robert Hooke, February 5, 1675/1676

To use another persons information, ideas or words, and presenting them as your own is to plagiarize . Their ideas or words shouldn't be presented as your own.

Works Consulted 

  • List the books, videos, etc. that you used in preparation of a project.
  • These works are not necessarily referred to, quoted or paraphrased in your project or paper.
  • Other names for Works Consulted are Selected Bibliography or Selected List of Works Consulted.

Works Cited
  • List the book, videos, websites, etc. that you actually referred to, paraphrased or quoted in your project.
  • You cite the resource when you find ideas, information or words that are important in presenting your project or paper.
  • You want to give credit to the author for their information, ideas or words.
  • Example: when you write in your project or paper, " As Maya Angleou has suggested..", then you need to cite the source.
  • Other names for a Works Cited, page are Bibliography and Literature Cited

When to use

Use only a Works Cited page when you quote or paraphrase all the resources you consulted. Creating a Works Consulted, page also, would be creating the exact same page twice.

Use a Works Consulted page when you used sources for background information but do not directly refer to, quote or paraphrase the work in your project.

Tips to remember

  • Follow the citation format your teacher wants, usually MLA.
  • Print or save to disk a copy of the article or webpage you are citing.
  • For websites, remember to write down the date you accessed the website.
  • Don 't put quotation marks around the Works Cited and Works Consulted titles in your project.
  • The Works Cited or Works Consulted page goes at the end of the project, paper or presentation.
  • If both a Works Consulted page and Works Cited  page are used the Works Consulted page goes first. (MLA Style)

Works Consulted

Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook of Writers of research Papers, 5th ed.. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1999.

Bartlett, John.  Barlett's Familiar Quotations Justin Kaplan, general editor. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1992.

Valenza, Joyce Kasman. Power Tools Recharged: 125+ Essential Forms and Presentations for Your School Library Information Program . Chicago: American Library Association, 2004.

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